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Cover The Social Conscience of the Early Victorians by 	David Roberts and F. David Roberts and Roberts F

Download The Social Conscience of the Early Victorians by David Roberts and F. David Roberts and Roberts F

  • Authors: David Roberts and F. David Roberts and Roberts F
  • ISBN-13: 0804745323
  • ISBN: 9780804745321
  • Pub. Date: August 2002
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • Add:Admin
  • Add time:11:21
  • Available formats:PDF, FB2, DJBU, TXT, EPUB, Mobi
  • File status:online

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Discription The Social Conscience of the Early Victorians by David Roberts and F. David Roberts and Roberts F:

 OverviewIn 1830, the dominant social outlook of the early Victorians was a paternalism that looked to property, the Church, and local Justices of the Peace to govern society and deal with its ills. By 1860, however, the dominant social outlook had become a vision of a laissez faire society that relied on economic laws, self-reliance, and the vigorous philanthropy of voluntary societies.

This book describes and analyzes these changes, which arose from the rapid growth of industry, towns, population, and the middle and working classes. Paternalism did not entirely fade away, however, just as a laissez faire vision had long antedated 1830. Both were part of a social conscience also defined by a revived philanthropy, a new humanitarianism, and a grudging acceptance of an expanded government, all of which reflected a strong revival of religion as well as the growth of rationalism.

The new dominance of a laissez faire vision was dramatically evident in the triumph of political economy. By 1860, only a few doubted the eternal verities of the economists voluminous writings. Few also doubted the verities of those who preached self-reliance, who supported the New Poor Law s severity to persons who were not self-reliant, and who inspired education measures to promote that indispensable virtue.

If economic laws and self-reliance failed to prevent distress, the philanthropists and voluntary societies would step in. Such a vision proved far more buoyant and effective than a paternalism whose narrow and rural Anglican base made it unable to cope with the downside of an industrial-urban Britain.

But the vision of a laissez faire society was not without its flaws. Its harmonious economic laws and its hope in self-reliance did not prevent gross exploitation and acute distress, and however beneficent were its philanthropists, they fell far short of mitigating these evils. This vision also found a rival in an expanded government. Two powerful ideasthe idea of a paternal government and the idea of a utilitarian statehelped create the expansion of government services.

A reluctant belief in governmental power thus joined the many other ideas that defined the Victorian s social conscience. My uncle wished to hand the eider-down hunter an advance, but he refused in one emphatic word- "Efter.

" Which being translated The Social Conscience of the Early Victorians Icelandic into plain English means- "After. " Cobscience treaty concluded, our worthy guide retired without another word.

"A splendid fellow," said my uncle; "only he little suspects the marvelous part he is about to play in the history of the world. " CHAPTER_8 paragraph 20 "You mean, then," I cried in amazement, "that he should The Social Conscience of the Early Victorians us?" "To the interior of the earth, yes," replied my uncle. "Why not?" There were yet forty-eight hours to elapse before we made our final start.

To my great regret, our whole time was taken up in making preparations for our journey. All our industry and ability were devoted to packing every object in the most advantageous manner- the instruments on one side, the arms on the other, the tools The Social Conscience of the Early Victorians and the provisions there. There were, in fact, four distinct groups. The instruments were of course of the best manufacture: 1. A centigrade thermometer of Eigel, Earky up to 150 degrees, Conacience to me did not appear half enough- or too much.

Too hot by half, if the degree of heat was to ascend so high- in which case we should certainly be cooked- not enough, if we wanted to ascertain the exact temperature of springs or metal in a state of fusion.

CHAPTER_8 paragraph 25 2. A manometer worked by compressed air, an instrument used to ascertain the upper atmospheric pressure on the level of the ocean.

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